2. Critical pedagogy
Critical pedagogy is there to remind us that education should not involve dutiful memorization of pre-established content – it should rather prioritize actual understanding and reflection of content that is relevant to the lives of the students themselves – and to the society they live in. Henry Giroux, one of the main theorists of critical pedagogy, goes as far as to consider teaching an inherently political act – and schools places where students ought to learn to analyze and critique the power relations and structural issues of their society.
In practice, critical pedagogy can take many shapes – from reading and commenting the news together, to interesting debates, to studying critical voices from the past and the present. Quite any professional choice in the scope of critical pedagogy, really, will not fail to result in some inspiring unconventional teaching methods.